Moral values and ethics slideshare

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This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience. Learn more Got it! Have you ever deemed someone's behavior to be unethical? Have you ever questioned their moral code or the values upon which they base their decisions? When our minds wander to these places, the three terms -- ethics, morals and values -- tend to get a bit murky. As a society, we tend to interchange the three. So, what's the difference between ethics, morals, and values? The difference is slight but it's there.

Understanding the difference between the three will help you delve into your next novel with a greater understanding of each character. Let's start with values. Values are the foundation of a person's ability to judge between right and wrong. Values include a deep-rooted system of beliefs. They have intrinsic worth, but are not universally accepted.

This system allows each individual to determine what should and shouldn't be. For example, if someone's value system is founded upon honesty, they would probably make a proper judgment between cheating on a college entrance exam wrong and studying hard to ace a college entrance exam right.

Conversely, if someone valued achievement and success over honesty, that person may opt to cheat on the exam in order to achieve the desired result. This relates to which value is "worth more" to the individual. These fundamental beliefs are the barometer that go on to guide a person's decisions. Values don't necessarily need to be "system wide" in a group of people. Rather, they tend to be a personal, individual foundation that influences a particular person's behavior. Next, we have moralswhich are formed out of values.

They're the actual system of beliefs that emerge out of a person's core values. Morals are specific and context-driven rules that govern a person's behavior. Because this system of beliefs is individually tailored to a person's life experience, it's subject to opinion.

Be careful with the terminology in this category. Sometimes, the words " amoral " and " immoral " are interchanged. However, they're quite different. If someone is amoral, they have no sense of right and wrong. They don't have the foundation that comes with a sound set of values. Meanwhile, if someone if immoral, you can be sure they know right from wrong.

They're just choosing to do the wrong thing. Given the personal nature of morals, someone might deem an action to be "good" even if it's breaking a law.

For example, what if a daughter couldn't afford the life-saving medicine her dying mother needed but she, somehow, had access to the storeroom where the medicine was housed? In this instance, her core values might tell her stealing is wrong. However, her morality would tell her she needs to protect her mother. As such, the daughter might end up doing the wrong thing stealing, as judged by her values for the right reasons saving her mother, as judged by her morals.

Finally, we have ethics.An ethical leader is always fair and just. They have no favorites, and treat everyone equally. Under an ethical leader, no employee has any reason to fear biased treatment on the basis of gender, ethnicity, nationality, or any other factor. One of the most important traits of ethical leadership is the respect that is given to followers. An ethical leader shows respect all members of the team by listening to them attentively, valuing their contributions, being compassionate, and being generous while considering opposing viewpoints.

It goes without saying that anyone who is ethical will also be honest and loyal. Honesty is particularly important to be an effective ethical leader, because followers trust honest and dependable leaders. Ethical leaders convey facts transparently, no matter how unpopular they may be. Being humane is one of the most revealing traits of a leader who is ethical and moral.

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Ethical leaders place importance in being kind, and act in a manner that is always beneficial to the team. Ethical leaders foster a sense of community and team spirit within the organization. They make genuine efforts to achieve goals that benefit the entire organization — not just themselves. In ethical leadership, all decisions are first checked to ensure that they are in accordance with the overall organizational values.

Only those decisions that meet this criterion are implemented. Under an ethical leader, employees thrive and flourish. Employees are rewarded for coming up with innovative ideas, and are encouraged to do what it takes to improve the way things are done.

Employees are praised for taking the first step rather than waiting for somebody else to do it for them. Ethical leadership is not just about talking the talk, this type of leader also walks the walk. The high expectations that an ethical leader has of employees are also applicable on the individual level. Leaders expect others to do the right thing by leading from example. An ethical leader will regularly discuss the high values and expectations that they place on themselves, other employees, and the organization.

Moral Values -- Kids Educative Videos

By regularly communicating and discussing values, they ensure that there is consistent understanding across the organization. An ethical leader expects employees to do the right thing at all times, not just when it is convenient for them. Contact us! Y Scouts is an executive search firm that helps nonprofits and social enterprises find exceptional leaders. We believe the right leaders make all the difference. We have pioneered a revolutionary approach to identify exceptional leaders and match them to the positions you need.

Contact us if you are looking to find an exceptional leader.Toggle navigation. Help Preferences Sign up Log in. View by Category Toggle navigation. Products Sold on our sister site CrystalGraphics. Title: Philosophy: Ethics and Morality. Latest Highest Rated.

moral values and ethics slideshare

First of all, philosophy and ethics is one of the classes in the course of Philosophy at the university. The goal is to introduce students to this theme and define main theories and terms of ethics, and its differences with morality.

The definition of Ethics usually is confused with morality. So, therere explanations of terms Ethos Greek and Mores Latin are terms having to do with custom, habit, and behavior.

Ethics is a rational reflection on morality. Morality can be defined as a system of rules for guiding human conduct, and principles for evaluating those rules. Two points are worth noting in this definition morality is a system it is a system comprised of moral rules and principles. Why Philosophy?

Why discussing moral issues is important 1. Controversies and dilemma 2. How to lead a good life? Why appealing to philosophy? Philosophy No ready made answers clarification of positions Search for the truth through rational discussion Analysis and Arguments 7 Ethical theories The formal study of ethics goes back to the greek philosopher Socrates.

Philosophers have proposed many ethical theories Why study these theories? A useful ethical theory makes it possible for us to examine moral problems, reach conclusions through logical resoning and defend the conclusions. Ross, duties of non-malificence do not harm beneficence do good, benefit justice treat equals equally add autonomy respect individuals The above four principles are fundamental for the most widely used text in contemporary ethics Principles of Medical Ethics, Beauchamp and Childress.

What are the qualities which make for a good?Paul grew up on a farm where moral virtues such as hard work and honesty were cherished. As a teacher, each class had a moral lesson.

When most people talk about a school curriculum, they think about math, science, social studies, and language courses. Seldom do I hear or read about moral values as being part of the curriculum. The problem is that the neglect of teaching moral values in schools is hurting our students and causing problems in society. If a person has never learned any moral values, how is she or he able to discern the difference between right and wrong?

That is basically the essence of moral values education. As parents and educators, we should all advocate the teaching of moral values in our schools for the following reasons:. Knowledge gained in school is only one goal of education.

The primary goals of education should be enabling students to gain knowledge and moral values. Our children will need both in preparing themselves to be good parents and citizens in society. If all parents were teaching their children moral values in the home, it would not be necessary for the schools to do this work, The sad fact is that a lot of kids are not learning from their parents the difference between right and wrong.

This is because most mothers and fathers in their busy workdays spend only a few hours with their children. In many families, there is only one parent and no other role models for kids to follow. Every day students are exposed to violence, dishonesty, and other social problems in the media and the real world.

How many times have we heard about school shootings? What about other times when students are caught cheating on exams? Then, too, we read about bullying in school and fights between gangs.

If moral values were taught in schools, we would have fewer of these problems. Unfortunately, many of the role models of young people are setting bad examples. These bad examples range from sexual promiscuity, degrading of women, advocacy of violence, and the condoning of dishonesty to succeed.

It's amazing the amount of math and science knowledge I have forgotten since my school days. I haven't, however, forgotten moral value lessons learned in school. One of these moral lessons was learned while I was a varsity football player. Our team had just lost a tough game because the referee had ruled we were stopped inches away from scoring a touchdown.

When our school principal had heard many of my teammates complaining about how the officiating had caused us to lose the game, he came on the team bus after the game and said that in life the referee never beats you.

It would serve society well if the following seven moral values for students were taught in schools:.

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In most cases, if you love someone, he or she will love you back in return. This, however, is not the real meaning of love. Love should be unconditional. With more love in the world, kindness will follow and replace cruelty. Students must be taught that dishonesty and cheating are wrong, and will get you nowhere in the future.

moral values and ethics slideshare

As a student, one is only hurting himself or herself by cheating, because this action will eventually catch up to you in the end with bad consequences. When I was young, I learned that success was one percent inspiration and 99 percent perspiration. Nowadays, so many students want to cheat and cut corners in their studies because they are lazy and don't place any value on hard work.We greatly encounter moral and ethical issues, in our day to day life. Perhaps, these two defines a personality, attitude, and behavior of a person.

Put simply, morals are the customs established by group of individuals whereas ethics defines the character of an individual. While morals are concerned with principles of right and wrong, ethics are related to right and wrong conduct of an individual in a particular sitution.

Many use the two terms as synonyms, but there are slight and subtle differences between morals and ethis, which are described in the article below. Basis for Comparison Morals Ethics Meaning Morals are the beliefs of the individual or group as to what is right or wrong.

Ethics are the guiding principles which help the individual or group to decide what is good or bad. What is it? General principles set by group Response to a specific situation Root word Mos which means custom Ethikos which means character Governed By Social and cultural norms Individual or Legal and Professional norms Deals with Principles of right and wrong Right and wrong conduct Applicability in Business No Yes Consistency Morals may differ from society to society and culture to culture.

Ethics are generally uniform. Expression Morals are expressed in the form of general rules and statements. Ethics are abstract.

Freedom to think and choose No Yes. Morals are the social, cultural and religious beliefs or values of an individual or group which tells us what is right or wrong. They are the rules and standards made by the society or culture which is to be followed by us while deciding what is right. Some moral principles are:.

Morals refer to the beliefs what is not objectively right, but what is considered right for any situation, so it can be said that what is morally correct may not be objectively correct.

Ethics is a branch of philosophy that deals with the principles of conduct of an individual or group. They are the standards which govern the life of a person. Ethics is also known as moral philosophy. Every single individual has some principles which help him throughout his life to cope up with any adverse situation; they are known as ethics.

On the other hand, Morals are not the hard and fast rules or very rigid, but they are the rules which a majority of people considered as right. That is why the people widely accept them. This is all for differentiating Morals from Ethics.

Thanks for these clear and very comprehensive explanations. These are the best explanations I found. I really appreciate it. Thank you all we really value your views, it means a lot to us and motivates us to do even better in future. Clearly explained with very good examples. Thank you for sharing this much of an excellent explanation. Keep it up!

Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. We should speak truth. Conversely, ethics are a response to a particular situation, E. Is it ethical to state the truth in a particular situation? Morals are dictated by society, culture or religion while Ethics are chosen by the person himself which governs his life.By Carter McNamara on January 2, Guest post from Jack Hoban.

Again, almost all values are relative. The exception, of course, is the value of life. Life is a universal, objective value. We might take this point for granted, but we all have the life value, or we would not be alive. Life is also a dual value — we value our own life and the lives of others. Moral values are relative values that protect life and are respectful of the dual life value of self and others. The great moral values, such as truth, freedom, charity, etc. When they are functioning correctly, they are life protecting or life enhancing for all.

But they are still relative values. Our relative moral values must be constantly examined to make sure that they are always performing their life-protecting mission. Courage can become foolish martyrdom, commitment can become irrational fanaticism, honor can become self-righteousness, conceit, and disrespect for others.

Our enemies have their own standard of honor, they have courage, and they are surely committed. What sets us apart? Respect for the universal life value sets us apart from our enemies.

10 Ethical Leadership Characteristics

A person who knows the difference between right and wrong and chooses right is moral. A person whose morality is reflected in his willingness to do the right thing — even if it is hard or dangerous — is ethical. Ethics are moral values in action. Being ethical id an imperative because morality protects life and is respectful of others — all others.

As warriors it is our duty to be protectors and defenders of the life value and to perform the unique and difficult mission of taking the lives of those acting immorally against life when necessary to protect the lives of innocent others.

When you must kill protecting life it is still hard, but it is moral. Those who kill those not observant of their narrow relative religious, ethnic or criminal values — in other words, kill over relative values — are immoral.

Moral Values for Students: A Necessary Part of the Curriculum

A dedication to protecting the life value of self and others — all others — makes the Ethical Warrior different and moral. If all of that is a little too philosophical, we also created this vignette to explain the terms in a more down-to-earth way. We call it:. You are a kid in the schoolyard. You see a bully. That perception is a relative value. You see the bully picking on the other kid.

You feel — in your gut — that this is wrong. Congratulations, you are moral. By the way, most people are moral — they know the difference between right and wrong.

moral values and ethics slideshare

Now…you see the bully picking on the other kid. You are ethical. You put yourself at risk. You have the makings of an Ethical Warrior.India is one of the oldest civilizations of the world.

Due to this fact, India has a vast reserve of moral-ethical scriptures, which guided our civilization through the ages. The foundations of Indian ethics can be seen in the metaphysical and theological beliefs in the form of worship, prayers and ideals and principles of the society. In India, there exists an intimate relationship between ethics and religion.

Morality implies a conscious living within the frame of certain principles and codes of conduct, laid down by the society. Morality is one of the most basic elements that demarcate the line between the good and the bad. The element of morality is what distinguishes the human society from the beasts.

Indian society has always been an ethically motivated, and spiritual one. Thus, the concern of the philosophers of India, transcended the physical world, and reached upto the metaphysical world, of soul and spirit.

The human actions, in Indian society, are motivated by a concern towards the other-world. Good deeds are seen as the key to escape the misery of the world. Every individual needs certain moral guidelines to guide him in his life.

These moral guidelines are derived from different sources.

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In India, a major source of the morality is found in the ancient scriptures Generally, the authority of the Vedas and Smritis is regarded as a source of morality. Verdict of the Vedas is seen as above that to the Smritis.

Besides the Vedas and Smritis, the inner conscience of the people also becomes the source of morality. In the modern times, the source of morality is found in the thoughts of leaders like- GandhiAurobindoTagore and many others. Morality, in India, has been based on the authority based on social reasoning. Buddhism and Jainism, both give a predominant place to the social reasoning. Jainism puts the concept of Right Faith in the centre. Jainism advises the individual to use his reason in ascertaining the validity and worth of the different ideas and principles before accepting them.

Similarly, Buddhism also gives importance to reason. Modern Indian thinkers also puts reason in the central place, while dealing with the matters of morality. Vivekanand viewed reason as an important factor in the matters of morality, and viewed the Vedas and Smritis as the fundamental source of morality in India. The function of dharma is to sustain the functioning of society.


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